The BEST Sunscreen
There is no doubt that the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays are damaging to the skin. UV light is a major risk factor for cancer development, sunburn, and premature aging. Scientific evidence clearly supports the use of sunscreen as a safe and effective way to protect the skin from the damaging effects of the sun's UV radiation.
The FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) regulates sunscreen products as over-the-counter drugs. These products must prove safety and efficacy before being sold on skincare aisles. The benefits of using sunscreen have clearly been shown to outweigh any unproven human health hazards from sunscreen ingredients. The FDA has approved 17 sunscreen filters (ingredients.) Sunscreens contain one or more of these ingredients.
The American Academy of Dermatology recommends applying a water-resistant, broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF (Sun Protection Factor) of 30 or higher (see Sun Facts to learn more.)
Correct sunscreen application impacts sunscreen effectiveness. Sunscreen should be applied liberally and often. Sunscreen should be applied prior to going outdoors and allowed to dry on the skin. This may take 10-15 minutes. UV light damage is cummulative so sunscreen should be applied daily to all exposed surfaces, even on cold or cloudy days (as UV rays penetrate the clouds.) The average adult in a bathing suit should apply 1 ounce (a shot glass full) to cover all exposed skin surfaces. Sunscreen should be reapplied at least every 2 hours and immediately after swimming or excessively sweating for continued protection. Regardless of whether you select a sunscreen bottle, spray, or stick, applying an adequate amount of sunscreen is necessary to obtain the SPF protection shown on the sunscreen label.
The BEST sunscreen is the one you use, use liberally, and use often.
Try the Product Selector to select a sunscreen that's right for you!
I NEED AN "EYE CREAM"
"Eye creams" don't contain any special ingredient that is specific to the eye area. As a matter of fact, the overwhelming majority of ingredients used to formulate eye creams are identical to those used in most facial moisturizers. And there is little, if any, scientific evidence that those "marketing tool" ingredients, like caffeine, that claim to eliminate under eye puffiness, have any benefit at all. The one ingredient that the eye area could benefit from the most, since the skin around the eye is so very thin and vulnerable to the sun's damaging ultraviolet rays, is sunscreen. Ironically, most eye creams on the market do NOT contain any!
False: You do NOT need an "eye cream." A well-formulated facial moisturizer will do.
DON'T BUY SNAKE OIL!
"Don't cross your eyes, they'll get stuck like that!" "Don't go outside with a wet head, you'll get a cold." "Sleep on your back to prevent the formation of wrinkles." Or, "If you don't take your makeup off before you go to sleep at night, you'll get more wrinkles." What you'll get is a dirty pillowcase!
Science based medicine evaluates medical treatments and advice in a scientific light, promoting the highest standards in healthcare. The gold-standard for a scientific study is the Randomized Double-Blinded Placebo Control ( RDBPC) study which, by design, minimizes biases, and has the ability to demonstrate the cause and effect relationship. Unfortunately, these studies can be expensive and time consuming.
All too often, skincare "experts" give advice based on assumption and personal experience. Human "intuition" and personal experience are awful ways to figure out which treatments are actually effective. (read more)
Scientific studies, even RDBPC studies, are not perfect, but experimental studies are, by far, the best way to find out if a particular medicine, ingredient, or therapy is safe and effective. It's the basis of almost every major medical advance in history!
When you come across skincare advice, question whether the advice is based on scientific studies or someone's "intuition." Conjucture in medicine is dangerous. It is "ok" to "not be sure" or to conclude "further studies need to be done." But snake-oil exists. Don't buy any!
MATURE SKIN ....HOGWASH!
CAUTION: Skincare products claiming to be designed for a specific age group, or for "mature" skin (usually referring to women over 50), are formulated with the same ingredients as all OTC moisturizers. There is no specific ingredient that can be added to a moisturizer to make that moisturizer more effective based on age. This marketing ploy makes absolutely no sense. 35 year olds can absolutely use the same moisturizers as 50 year olds, and 50 year olds can use the same products as 80 year olds!
Age should not determine which moisturizer you use. Choosing any skincare product based on your age is not a wise way to shop.
WHAT IS A "NIGHT CREAM"?
A "Night Cream" is a moisturizer. Yes, it is often (but not always) thicker, found in a smaller jar, and more expensive per ounce than a conventional facial moisturizer. Night creams sold on skincare aisles are formulated just like other facial moisturizers. They are water based, contain humectants to pull water into the most superficial layer of skin, occlusives to prevent water from evaporating into the environment, emulsifiers to keep the water and oily components from seperating, preservative to keep the formulation from becoming contaminated with mold and bacteria, and frequently, fragrance. There is a common myth that "skin rejuvenates at night." Research at the cellular level suggests that a possible "circadian rhythm" of skin STEM cells may exist. Cells in the superficial layer of skin, the epidermis, however, continuously divide and turnover 24/7. When the alarm clock rings at 7:00 am, skin cells don't stop replicating!
What is a "night" cream? A "night" cream is a facial moisturizer that does NOT contain sunscreen!
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Welcome to Fully Exposed
Hello, and welcome to FryFace!
I've been a New York based dermatologist for over 25 years. I love music. I love triathlons. I love chemistry. (I love Petrolatum jelly.) I study skincare ingredients and product formulation. I listen to skincare "advice" from self-proclaimed ......Read More